:: Health Conditions - Obesity
- Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia
live in a society which considers thinness as beauty image.
Due this fact, the desire of losing weight especially around
women is so powerful that it results in serious nutritional
diseases. Such alterations are anorexia nervosa and bulimia,
conditions with a world wide lately growing incidence. In
spite of the fact that a diet starts as a simple wish of losing
weight, it can become out of control and the person becomes
The word "anorexia" is originated from Greek meaning
loss of appetite. The condition is a psychiatric diagnosis
that describes an eating disorder characterized by low body
weight and body image distortion with an obsessive fear of
Persons suffering with anorexia often control body weight
by voluntary starvation, purging, vomiting, excessive exercise,
or other weight control measures, such as diet pills or diuretic
drugs and can resist eating for a long period of time. Usually
they are restless and hyperactive, denying that they are too
thin and eat just small. It is a complex condition, involving
psychological, neurobiological, and sociological components.
There is no surprise declaring anorexia as extremely harmful
to the organism. A person suffering from anorexia has several
other digestive problems: ulcer, constipation, diarrhea, nausea,
low pulse and blood pressure, growth anomalies and reduced
intellectual performance. Some women have serious menstrual
disorders even amenorrhea. Those who develop anorexia before
adulthood may suffer stunted growth and subsequent low levels
of essential hormones, including sex hormones and chronically
increased cortisol levels. Osteoporosis can also develop as
a result of anorexia in 38-50% of cases, as poor nutrition
leads to the retarded growth of essential bone structure and
low bone mineral density or it can lead to death.
treatment is much easier when caught in early period but
it needs the persons full cooperation. It includes behavior
therapy, supervised alimentation and supporting psychotherapy.
When a person suffering from anorexia accomplished the treatment
he/she can still be haunted by the idea of being overweight.
In this case the moral support is extremely important; in
the lack of it the person might relapse. Please visit Anorexia
rehab centers to find more ways to get help and learn
more about anorexia treatment.
Bulimia is an eating disorder, considered to be a psychological
condition in which the subject engages in recurrent binge
eating followed by an intentional purging. This purging is
done in order to compensate for the excessive intake of the
food and to prevent weight gain, taking the form of vomiting,
inappropriate use of laxatives, enemas, diuretics or other
medication and excessive physical exercise.
A person suffering from bulimia can consume thousands of
calories within an hour and then eliminate it trough purging.
Some may consume up to 20000 calories at one meal. It usually
appears at teenagers with good life conditions, educated but
suffering from depression, anxiety, underestimating themselves.
Most persons suffering from bulimia are not obese, but they
have a certain weight in excess. Like anorexia nervosa, it
can produce a lot of serious complications like: stomach rupture,
losing teeth, dehydration, unbalanced ions, and menstrual
disturbances. Patients suffering from bulimia have also bigger
saliva glands, and accuse of dispnea. In rare cases bulimia
can lead to death.
Signs and symptoms:
- Diets in excess, the person in question is eating very
little and is over preoccupied with fat and calories.
- Diminished menstruation.
- A fake body image.
- Great amounts of weight loss.
- Hyperactivity, overdone physical exercises.
- Physical and psychical changes: hair loss, cold intolerance,
low pulse and blood pressure, constipation.
- Depression, tormented lifestyle.
- The person is very eager to eat.
- The person is eating in hiding.
- Menstrual disturbances.
- Fluctuating body weight.
- Laxative abuse or the use of emetic substances.
- Physical changes: increased glands, losing teeth.
- Depression, tormented lifestyle.
If you suffer of anorexia or bulimia or know somebody who
does, always keep in mind one thing: both conditions can be
fixed quite easily, but only with therapy, never on your own.